Trade and Investment

To facilitate evidence-based policy discourse on Bangladesh’s exports and support the private sector’s proactive participation in it, the Bangladesh Enterprise Institute is implementing the BEI Trade and Investment Project. The analyses provided, recommendations prepared, and advocacy activities undertaken as part of this initiative aim to contribute to raising awareness of the concerned stakeholders in promoting policy mechanisms with the objective of boosting export growth and diversification.

Revitalising Bangladesh’s export trade-Policy issues for growth acceleration and diversification

Bangladesh is often considered as an export success story. Since 1990 while world exports grew at a compound annual average rate of 5.8 per cent, Bangladesh managed to grow twice as fast. While so many countries failed to move their export production away from primary commodities to manufacturing, Bangladesh. Read more…

Promoting Bangladesh’s Exports to India

India is the fastest growing country amongst the world’s largest economies and is set to become the third largest economy soon after 2030, only behind China and the United States. Bangladesh and India enjoy strong bilateral economic and trade relationship, which in recent times has grown from strength to strength. Read more…

Bangladesh and the WTO’s 11th Ministerial Conference-Issues and Perspectives

The World Trade Organisation’s Doha Round of trade negotiations, at 18 years, is the longest running round in the history of GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) and WTO negotiations. There have been serious disagreements amongst WTO members on several issues with no end in sight for the impasse. Read more…

Bangladesh-China Trade and Economic Cooperation Issues and Perspectives

China has emerged as a global economic superpower having achieved high economic growth sustained for a very long period and in the process becoming the world’s largest exporter of and second biggest market of merchandised goods. Read more…

Leather and Leather Goods Exports from Bangladesh-Performance, Prospects and Policy Priorities

When it comes to export expansion while promoting export diversification, the sector that holds a great promise is leather and leather goods, the second largest export sector for Bangladesh. There was a policy target of achieving $5 billion in export receipts from the sector by 2021. Read more…

Partnering Up-Towards A Strengthened Bangladesh-US Economic Cooperation

While the United States has been an indispensable trade and development partner for Bangladesh, there exist enormous opportunities for strengthening economic cooperation between the two countries. Read more..

Reviving Exports of Jute Products from Bangladesh

Traditionally labelled as ‘golden fibre’, jute used to be the most important source of foreign exchange for Bangladesh until the mid-1980s. Despite being the second-largest (after India) jute producer in the world, Bangladesh is the most dominant exporter of jute fibre and manufactured products (63 per cent of global exports in 2018). Read more…

Bangladesh’s Graduation from the Group of LDCs Issues for the Private Sector

Defying overwhelming odds, Bangladesh has continued to demonstrate impressive socio-economic progress. The impending graduation from least developed country (LDC) status is a global acknowledgement of the country’s major developmental transition. Read more…

Boosting Plastic Exports from Bangladesh

The plastic industry is one of the most prominent emerging manufacturing sectors in Bangladesh. Buoyed by strong domestic demand, it has experienced rapid growth in recent times. The sector is widely perceived to have huge export potential although its actual performance has so far fallen far short. Read more…

Tapping into Services Exports Issues and Policy Options

Estimated at around US$ 160 billion in 2018-19, the services sector comprises just over 51 per cent of the gross domestic product (GDP). The sector employs 23.7 million people which is 39 per cent of the national employment. Read more…

Unleashing the Export Potential of Bangladesh’s Furniture Industry-An Analysis of Prospects and Policy Support

Exports of furniture have shown strong dynamism in recent years. The furniture industry is considered having high export and diversification potential. However, after more than 20 years since the country initiated commercial exporting of furniture items, the sector has achieved far less than its export potential. Read more…

Navigating New Waters Unleashing Bangladesh’s Export Potential for Smooth LDC Graduation

Bangladesh has made phenomenal progress in its economic development. From a fragile socio-economic set up at independence, it has emerged as a ‘development surprise’.1 Despite confronting numerous socio-economic challenges, its economy has grown on average at an annual rate of 5.6 per cent for the past three decades with the comparable growth rate for the most recent past 10 years (of 2009–19) being more buoyant at 6.7 per cent. This means a mere $35 billion economy of the mid-1990s has grown to a sizeable one of more than $300 billion. During the same period, the per capita gross national income has registered a more than six-fold rise from just $300 to above $1,900. The dependence on foreign aid, measured by the proportion to national income, declined from around 8 per cent of GDP in the 1980s to less than 2 per cent. It is one of the few low-income countries that did never face any unsustainable external debt situation and was not included in the group of Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) that received support from international debt relief initiatives. In the mid-1990s, while more than half of Bangladeshi households lived on less than the nationally determined poverty line income, the corresponding poverty incidence has now fallen to just about 21 per cent. Compared to many other countries at a similar stage of development, Bangladesh has achieved faster progress in various social and human development indicators such as health, demographic and gender equality outcomes (Asadullah et al., 2014).

For further details regarding this book please contact Bangladesh Enterprise Institute (House 4A, Road 84, Gulshan 2, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh, Phone: +(88 02) 989 2662, +(88 02) 989 2663, Email: bei@bol-online.com).